Dioscorus

   1. (d. 454 or 458 AD)
   Patriarch of Alexandria. He was possibly born in Alexandria and became archdeacon to the patriarch Cyril, with whom he attended the council of Ephesus in 431 and whom he succeeded in 444. Dioscorus soon came into conflict with the pope in Rome when he headed the Second Council of Ephesus in 449 over the issue of Monophysitism. Here his opponent, the patriarch of Constantinople. Flavian, was deposed and died soon after as a result of ill treatment by Egyptian monks in the entourage of Dioscorus. The orthodox view was reaffirmed at the Council of Chalcedon in 451, and Dioscorus was deposed and exiled to Gangra in Paphlagonia. The decisions of the Council of Chalcedon and the deposition of the Alexandrian patriarch increased the tension between the Coptic population of Egypt, who supported their patriarch and the imperial power in Constantinople, which led to continued dissension in Egypt.
   2. (c. 520–585 AD)
   Egyptian landholder, lawyer, and poet. He was the son of Apollos, village headman of Aphrodito in Middle Egypt, modern Kom Ishgaw, and later founder and monk of the monastery of Apa Apollos. He received a good classical education, probably at Alexandria, and pursued a legal career during which he visited Constantinople. Many of his papers, which include both documentary and literary texts of his own composition written in Greek and Coptic, were discovered from 1901–1907 and are now divided among several museum collections.
Historical Dictionary Of Ancient Egypt by Morris L. Bierbrier

Ancient Egypt. A Reference Guide. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dioscorus — • Dioscorus. Antipope (d. 530) • Dioscorus. Fifth century Bishop of Alexandria Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Dioscorus     Dioscorus …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Dioscorus — (also Dioscoros, Dioskoros, or Dioscurus) can refer to: Pope Dioscorus the Great, Coptic Pope of Alexandria (444 454). Pope Dioscorus II, Coptic Pope of Alexandria (516 517). Dioscorus, 3rd century martyr and saint Dioscurus, father of Saint… …   Wikipedia

  • DIOSCORUS I — Patriâ Alexandrin. Eutychianos errores secutus. Ephesi synodo Lystrica dicta, A. C. 449. condemnavit Flavian. Ep. CP. ibi calcibus occisum: Alexandriam reversus, excommunicavit, Leonem Ep. Regium a Synodo Chalcedonensi 600. Episcoporum damnatus,… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • DIOSCORUS II — cognom. Iunior, post Ioh. Machiotam, Patriâ Alexandrin. A. C. 517. haereticus haeretico successit. Excitatâ a populo seditione, in qua multi occisi, quod electio non esset pro more, ab Episcopis Clero et Populo peracta, nihilominus sedem tenuit,… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Dioscorus — ▪ patriarch of Alexandria born , Alexandria [Egypt] died Sept. 4, 454, Gangra, Galatia [now Cankiri, Tur.]       patriarch of Alexandria and Eastern prelate who was deposed and excommunicated by the Council of Chalcedon (Chalcedon, Council of) in …   Universalium

  • Dioscorus — (d. 454)    Patriarch.    Dioscorus was the successor of Cyril of Alexandria to the Patriarchate of Alexandria. He presided over the Council of Ephesus which declared the teachings of eutyches, the Monophysite opponent of Nestorianism, to be… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • DIOSCORUS — I. DIOSCORUS Antipapa, Bonifacio II. oppositus, A. C. 530. Athenaricum defensorem habuit, sed paulo post mortuus, a Bonifacio excommunicatus, ob Simoniam, huius vero successore Agapeto, absolutus est. Eum ab Hormisda P. ad Iustinian. missum… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Dioscorus, S. (1) — 1S. Dioscorus, (18. Jan.), ein Martyrer in Aegypten. – Dieser Name stammt vom Griechischen Διόςκορος oder Διόςκουρος und bedeutet »Sohn des Zeus«. Vorzugsweise wurden Kastor und Pollux Διόςκοροι genannt, und man nennt sie auch im Deutschen die… …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • Dioscorus, S. (10) — 10S. Dioscorus, (28. Juni), ein Martyrer zu Alexandria in Aegypten. S. S. Serenus …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • Dioscorus, S. (11) — 11S. Dioscorus, (20. Aug.), ein Martyrer zu Alexandria, der in mehreren Martyrologien vorkommt …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

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